Elements of the M. Montessori method (Italy), aimed at the development of sensory organs and cognitive activity through the use of gaming equipment made of environmentally friendly materials (wood, plastic, fabrics, natural material).
Children play in a multifunctional area. For example - hollow cylinders with the same amount of substances: large pebbles, porcelain, small beans, small pieces of wood, rice, and semolina. The cylinders are sealed and moved to produce various sounds.
The method uses objects for practical activities, such as, a lattice for button fastening, insert frames, stairs, etc.; instruments to make musical sounds - orchestral metallophone, drum, children's piano. In these play areas, children accumulate useful practical experience. Such learning objects develop children’s voluntary attention, concentration and self-discipline.
Montessori's educational materials used in kindergartens have been adapted for preschool’s learning activities.
M. Montessori method develops kinesthetics (sensation of muscle tension), hand motility, tactile senses, thinking and memory, attention and speech, and a hearing sense. The child acquires practical skills and independence.