Reggio pedagogy (Italy) is one of the most promising approaches in early-aged children development. The innovative approach to education is based on the following principles:
A child is a person, and any person deserves respect.
Children can control their learning and development.
Children learn by touching, moving, replacing, seeing and listening. In all this, they should not be limited.
Children build relationships with other children in a space where they can explore the world.
Children should have many ways and means to express themselves (drama, music, drawing, singing, dancing, constructing, talking).
The object environment in kindergartens motivates children to learn and recognize their personalities, communicate with others and explore the environment. The main principles are comfort and openness. The core principle is the project work that is derived from games, conversations and children’s interests. Projects can last from a few hours to a year. Adults support children in fulfilling their projects. Children spend most of their time in a developing environment (centers of activity, creativity and design, language centers, etc.) that reveals their creativity. Teachers are co-authors and co-creators, they stimulate children’s interests, and do not provide ready-made solutions. So, children learn to make their own discoveries. By communicating with children, teachers also develop, learn and discover something new.
The main idea of the approach is to develop a child - to give an opportunity for self-expressions in a variety of ways that go unnoticed by adults. The main “teachers” of the child are the environment, projects and documentation.
Activities focus on mastering a specific topic. Kindergartens use playful creative children’s activities as general cognitive-research.